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Care instructions and material information

AT FRAAS, OUR MISSION IS QUALITY..

Before a scarf leaves our warehouse it has been tested and documented at every step. FRAAS guarantees testing by trained employees and a piece-by-piece final check in the trimming department. Because we have high quality standards our customers are sure to get an excellent product which we guarantee a long product life, if the instructions on the care label are followed. Our care instructions are written with the materials and design in mind. A scarf with fringes requires different care than a scarf with sequins, or a cold-dyed scarf.

PILLING – Those tiny knots, known as pilling, are caused by friction on the finest fibers in the yarn. This is a completely natural process, especially with high-quality wool products. The little knots and loose fibers can be easily removed with small scissors or a pilling razor. Pilling knots must never be pulled off!

WOOL & CASHMERE SHAMPOO & CARE – Wool and Cashmere are best washed with wool and cashmere shampoo.


NATURAL FIBERS DERIVED FROM PLANTS.

COTTON
Cotton is member of the mallow family of plants, has been cultivated for a very long time. The “white gold” is obtained from the seed pods of the cotton plant, which puffs out of the pods when they‘re ready. The cotton fibers are firmly attached to each seed grain making it difficult to separate the soft but strong cotton fibers from the seeds. Since it is very tedious to process by hand, cotton was considered a luxury product in Europe up into the 17th century, it was just as expensive as silk. It was only with the invention of the industrial spinning machine in 1764 that this natural fiber was able to be processed on an economical industrial scale. Today cotton is usually harvested by machine. During the processing after harvest only about 10% of the raw weight is lost as plant material. What‘s left is a robust natural fiber that is characterized by high ductile and tensile strength, which is even better when wet. The fibers can absorb up to 65% of their own weight in water. Cotton is gentle to sensitive skin, regulates temperature (warms in winter, cools in summer) and has a low potential for triggering allergies.
Care instructions: We recommend a mild detergent, in warm or cold water in the gentle wash cycle. Stretch out before drying and hanging. Do not machine dry or dry in strong sunlight. Iron on medium-low, low heat.

WINTER COTTON
The more often you wear winter cotton, the softer it gets. Cotton is not only just for the summer. Our winter cotton scarf is a lightweight cotton scarf for the cold weather season. It is made from a pure, super combed and high quality cotton from the USA. The yarn is spun in Italy; the scarf manufactured in Germany and is certified with the Oeko-Tex® standard 100 label. The softness of the material is achieved by using tumblers. This results in an authentic “used look” which is why these scarves should never be ironed.
Care instructions: We recommend a mild detergent, in warm or cold water in the gentle wash cycle. Stretch out before drying and hanging. Do not machine dry or dry in strong sunlight. Iron at medium-low, low heat.

LINEN
Linen is made from the flax plant and is one of the oldest cultivated plants. Linen is a great to material to wear in the warmer months. It’s warm, it won‘t tear, it doesn‘t stretch, it will not cause allergies, it is absorbent, how it does wrinkle easily which is a characteristic of linen.
Care instructions: We recommend a mild detergent, in warm or cold water in the gentle wash cycle. Stretch out before drying and hanging. Do not machine dry or dry in strong sunlight. Iron at medium-low, low heat.

LYOCELL
This natural fiber is made from the eucalyptus tree that grows quickly without irrigation and is 100% biodegradable. Our lyocell accessories are not only natural and sustainable but also extraordinarily gentle to the skin.
Care instructions: We recommend a mild detergent, in warm or cold water in the gentle wash cycle. Do not wring out. Do not machine dry or dry in strong sunlight. Hang dry and Iron at low heat.

MODAL
Modal is made from the fibers of the beech tree. Since it is composed 100% of natural materials, it is ecological, environmentally safe and sustainable. Modal absorbs a lot of moisture and is more absorbent than rayon and cotton, which guarantees exceptional wearing comfort. Modal drapes wonderfully, is pleasantly gentle and stays this way after many washes.
Care instructions: We recommend a mild detergent, in warm or cold water in the gentle wash cycle. Do not wring out. Do not machine dry or dry in strong sunlight. Hang dry and Iron at low heat.

VISCOSE RAYON
The raw material for rayon is fibers from the beech tree, spruce or eucalyptus. Rayon has a velvety soft touch. It’s silky, lightweight and has lovely draping qualities
Care instructions: We recommend a mild detergent, in warm or cold water in the gentle wash cycle. Do not wring out. Do not machine dry or dry in strong sunlight. Hang dry and Iron at low heat.


NATURAL FIBERS DERIVED FROM ANIMALS

SILK
Silk is how luxury can come from a cocoon. Silk is a fine but strong natural fiber that is derived from the cocoons of the silk moth caterpillar and it‘s the only endless fiber found in nature. The caterpillars pupate in cocoons made of silk fibers which they form in specialized glands in their mouth and then wrap themselves in loops - up to 300,000 turns. These silk fibers are then unrolled in one fiber. The weavers refer to this process as reeling. The fiber is very long and can be processed into smooth textile surfaces. About 3,000 cocoons (about 1kg) yield about 250 g of silk fibers. Silk is a great fiber for people with sensitive skin. The material regulates temperature; of all natural fibers silk has the best insulating qualities. It cools in the summer and warms in the winter, absorbs moisture and dries quickly. Different silk materials are crepe de chine, chiffon, twill and satin. For our silk scarves we use only high quality silk yarns.
Care instruction: We recommend hand washing with a mild detergent in lukewarm water. Do not scrub, brush or wring out. Colored silk can run when washed, so always wash dark colored or printed materials separately or have them dry cleaned. Hang silk dripping wet or lay on a towel. Do not machine dry. Iron while still moist and on the reverse side at low heat.

WOOL
Wool is an important element in the production of our high quality accessories. Wool is procured by shearing (pure new wool) or by combing out the fur of sheep, goats, camels, Llamas or angora rabbits. Wool is a renewable resource and is one of the oldest known textile fibers ever used. So how does the wool of a sheep become a plush scarf in the typical FRAAS quality? First it is gently washed, combed, bleached or dyed and then spun into worsted yarn. The resulting threads can then be used in weaving. The designation (pure) new wool indicates that the wool comes directly from a living animal and is not recycled material from rags or from the fur of slaughtered animals. Wool has natural thermoregulation. It absorbs moisture into the fibers’ interior, but the surface of the fiber repels water. Wool is composed of 85% air which makes it a good insulator.

ALPACA
Alpacas are small, South American camels whose young yield high quality wool. The animals are shorn every two years. Their fine yarn is not only soft, shiny and a bit curly, but also durable and five times warmer than sheep‘s wool. The unique thermal qualities resulting from the insulating hollow spaces in the fibers, as well as the definite durability, strength, fineness and low weight. Being appealingly soft and smooth, protecting against the cold and damp, wind and heat, alpaca is one of the favorite raw materials for making expensive textiles. It is anti-static, odor neutralizer, doesn‘t scratch and has hypoallergenic qualities. Alpaca wool also rarely pills.

MERINOWOOL
Merino wool comes from the merino sheep. They have an especially thick and long,very curly, lightweight and elastic fleece. There are about one billion of these sheep worldwide with about 120 million in Australia and 70 million in New Zealand. There, the sheep live in adverse climatic conditions and therefore develop an especially thick and long fleece. The color ranges from beige to white but also naturally brown and brown mélange. The most prized and expensive is the white wool as it is the best and easiest to dye. Merino fibers are very fine and therefore are among the highest quality and most expensive varieties. The diameter is less than 16.6 micrometers in contrast to sheep‘s wool at 36 micrometers. This fineness is the reason for its many desirable qualities, it doesn’t scratch, it resists soiling, hardly wrinkles, is warm and has superior moisture absorption.

MOHAIR
The wool of the Angora goat is called mohair and is obtained by shearing the curly-haired white goats from Texas, South Africa, Turkey and Afghanistan. Mohair is very shiny and shimmery and lends itself well to dying. Mohair warms in the winter and cools in the summer as it quickly expels moisture. It is durable and naturally elastic.

SHEEP WOOL
Sheep wool is one of the most ancient fibers used in textiles. It can be processed in a variety of ways. Sheep‘s wool effectively holds body warmth, doesn‘t wrinkle and neutralizes odors. The wool fibers are naturally curly and therefore especially elastic. It is extremely moisture absorbent, insulating, very tensile and flexible and resists soiling. Since sheep‘s wool is a rather coarse natural fiber it is sometimes felt to be rough and scratchy on the skin. Depending on the processing of the material and the addition of other fibers it is possible to minimize this characteristic.

CAMEL HAIR
Luxurious camel hair is obtained by combing young, two-humped camels from Mongolia, China, Russia and Africa. We use only the fine hairs from the undercoat of young animals for our accessories. Because of the scarcity of this material it is often blended with other yarns such as silk or cashmere. Camel hair is an ultra-fine, smooth, soft and temperature regulating with a silky gloss that efficiently absorbs moisture. This is caused by the nearly scale-free surface of the hairs.
Care instructions: Wash by hand in lukewarm water with a small amount of wool detergent. To prevent felting never soak longer than necessary! Rinse in clean water. Carefully press out water and roll into a towel. Lay item on a towel to dry.

CASHMERE
Cashmere is one of the finest and most valuable woolen textiles. It gets its value not just because of its soft, silky qualities but also because of the tedious way the raw material is obtained and processed. The name comes from the Cashmere region in the Himalayas where this breed of goats originated. The cashmere we use comes from a trusted supplier in Mongolia who we‘ve been working with for many years. Between 150 and 200 grams of wool can be annually obtained per goat which then must be picked by hand to separate out the coarse outer hairs. This is the reason a genuine cashmere scarf requires the annual yield of wool from one or two cashmere goats. Cashmere is extremely fine and smooth, holds in warmth and is especially lightweight. The material is obtained exclusively from the undercoat of the Cashmere goat. In cold temperatures the goats develop down fibers on their bellies that protect them from the extreme cold that can drop to minus 40°F. The cashmere fibers with a diameter of about 12 micrometers are exceptionally fine. The natural color of the raw wool varies from white, beige to grey and black. The annual yield of cashmere from one animal amounts to about 50 grams of luxurious wool; which makes it one of the most expensive of all materials. Cashmere has exceptional qualities of wearability. Unlike other woolen articles, Cashmere doesn’t scratch or shed fluff and is especially lightweight. It acts as insulation against low temperatures but also regulates temperature and allows the skin to breathe. That‘s why cashmere products can be comfortably worn winter and summer. The care and maintenance of expensive cashmere accessories is similar to other woolen fibers relatively easy.

WOOL CARE
Wool is very easy to take care of: it doesn‘t soil easily or absorb odors and has a natural self-cleaning function. Odors are neutralized after a short time in the fresh air. It hardly wrinkles, is very colorfast and is fire-resistant.
Care instructions: We recommend first a thorough airing out or careful washing by hand in lukewarm or cold water in the gentle wash cycle with a very small amount of wool detergent (we recommend FRAAS WOOL & CASHMERE SHAMPOO & CARE). Never soak longer than necessary, don‘t scrub or wring out (to prevent felting)! Rinse in clean water, gently press out water and then roll into a towel. To dry, lay the article flat on a towel and pull gently into shape. The rule in the wardrobe is always to lay articles flat and protect from moths and exposure to strong light!


SYNTHETIC FIBERS

ACRYLIC
Acrylic is a chemically produced fiber that has qualities that make it interesting for making accessories. Its form is very stable and can be dyed colorfast. The hand is soft and similar to wool. Acrylic can be used either alone or blended with wool, cotton or other yarns. When blended with wool it minimizes shedding which reduces the number of further wool finishing processes. Acrylic has moisture regulating qualities. Easy care and maintenance is especially noteworthy. Acrylic is also the raw material for our quality brand CASHMINK®.
Care instructions: We recommend washing by hand or washing in the gentle cycle at warm or cold water. Fabric softener can be used to reduce static electricity. Gentle spin and hang wet. Dry cleaning is rarely necessary.

ELASTHAN
Elasthan is a synonym for materials that are characterized by exceptional elasticity. This material has extreme stretching qualities, great resistance to tearing and durable shape stability at a very low weight. Elasthan is very comfortable to wear. Its low moisture absorption rate and anti-static qualities are among its unique qualities. This innovative synthetic fiber has long since been discovered by many manufacturers and designers.
Care instructions: We recommend washing by hand or washing in the gentle cycle at warm or cold water. Gentle spin cycle and hang wet. Dry cleaning is rarely necessary.

POLYESTER
Polyester can also be found in nature and has been known since 1830. Today polyester is synthetically manufactured. As a textile fiber, polyester has several very useful qualities: its shape stability and it hardly wrinkles making it easy to take care of. It is soft and smooth, resists tearing, hardly absorbs water and is resistant to fading, moths or decomposing.
Care instructions: We recommend washing by hand or washing in the gentle cycle at warm or cold water. Fabric softener can be used to reduce static electricity. Gentle spin and hang wet. Dry cleaning is rarely necessary.

POLYAMIDE
Polyamide is an uncomplicated material made from synthetic fibers. Polyamide fibers were first developed in the USA. In 1940 it was first sold in the form of nylon stockings. In the German textile industry polyamide is called Perlon. Polyamide fibers have very high shape stability and are tear-resistant; it has a long product cycle and can withstand friction. The material is highly elastic and simple to wash. After washing the fibers dry quickly. Polyamide fibers don‘t shrink and hardly wrinkle. Last but not least, polyamide fibers are exceptionally lightweight. Disadvantages: The polyamide fiber tends to turn yellowish and doesn‘t age well to strong light. It also tends to take on static electricity and has very low moisture absorbency. It is a lightweight fiber and will not keep you warm.
Care instructions: We recommend washing by hand or washing in the gentle cycle at warm or cold water. Fabric softener can be used to reduce static electricity. Gentle spin and hang wet. Dry cleaning is rarely necessary.